From Dictatorship to Freedom
– children’s literature and contemporary Portuguese history
In April 1974, after almost half a century under the control of a political dictatorship, Portugal regained its freedom and a democracy was established. A colonial war, which lasted for more than one decade and was closely related to the fall of a fascist regime, also came to an end. It was the closing of a historical cycle with the independence of the African countries, ending the five-century lasting colonial “empire”.
This crucial moment of Portugal’s contemporary history has been revisited and recreated by some of the most relevant names of contemporary literature, namely José Saramago, António Lobo Antunes, José Cardoso Pires (and many others). However, this subject has not been forgotten by/has also been included in/has also been published in children’s literature. With commemorative, educational, interventional and other objectives/goals, the Revolução dos Cravos – the Carnation Revolution (and the time immediately before and after) has been dealt with, in both poetry and prose, and the works on the matter are published on a daily basis. Therefore, the aim of this study is to look into some of the most important Portuguese works on this subject, carried out within this subject area, highlighting/emphasising the recurrence of different themes and forms.